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PAXOS

As all the Eptanisa (7 Ionian islands) Paxos has the trident as its emblem. It is said that the god Poseidon, ruler of the seas, wishing to create a beautiful, peaceful island far away from the other gods and men, and intending to live there with his beloved Amfitriti, struck the southern part of Corfu hard and Paxos was formed. With the blow, however, he lost his trident which the Paxiots later found and made their emblem.


Text of the book of Yianis Doikas "Paxos"† English translation by Susan Boikos†

The island has pursued Š course through history which parallels that of Corfu. At the side of the larger island it fought against both pirate raids and Turkish attacks. Real progress, however, Ônly began with the occupation by the Venetians in 1386.
The castle of St. Nicholas was built in 1453 and although ruined today it still stands guard proudly over the island, aweing the visitor with its presence and impressing with its simplicity and imposing lines, its cannon and the ports through which they were fired. Ń second castle was built at about the same time: that of Dialetos, at Babaka near Lakka, close to the famous Harami beach, but neglect has ensured that no traces of it can be seen today.
Once the security of the island had been established, the attention of the inhabitants turned to increasing the island's production of olives. The extent of their achievement, the results of their sweat and toil in these distant years, can be admired today. The whole island is ŠÁ endless olive grove, and the minute amounts of soil are retained by retaining walls - thousands of metres of wall. There are some two hundred and fifty thousand olive trees on the island, and the 152 ruined and primitive olive-presses remind the visitor of the hive of work and activity that this island once was.
In 1797, after 411 years of Venetian occupation, Paxi was handed over to the French revolutionary government. French occupation initially lasted only 2 years, and Š successful joint Russian -Turkish siege in 1799 led to the proclamation of Š "Septinsular Republic" and Š Constitution (1800). The fledgling republic was under the protectorate of Turkey and Russia. But this Greek state was to exist for only seven years. In accordance with the secret articles of the Treaty of Tilsit (July 8, 1807), the Ionian Islands were returned to French control, which lasted until 1814. During the Napoleonic Wars, which covered this period, the island was under English blockade, and serious shortages of food developed. This caused the Paxiots to rebel, in 1810, and kill the island's Commander, Count Dimakis Makris, and Laskaris Grammatikos and to injure Š number of others. The French, however, managed to put down the rising in Š few days. and the ring-leaders were severely punished. Seven of them were shot, in 1811, in Corfu Castle, many were imprisonsed and still more islanders were forced to emigrate. …Á 1814, however, ŠÁ English fleet under Captain (later Sir Richard) church, with the aid of the Greek freedom fighter Theodoros Kolokotronis, captured the castle and overcame the guard without Š shot being fired.
…Á 1817, Š new Constitution was signed, and the "United State of the Ionian Islands" came into being under British protectorate. The British Lord High Commissioner held supreme authority in the islands until 1854. when Paxi and the the rest of the group were formally amalgamated with Greece.

229† ū.◊.-733 ž.◊.
†733-1204
†1214-1267
1267-1386
1386-1797
1797-1799
1799-1807
1087-1814
1814-1864
Roman State†
Byzantine Empire†
Despotic rule by Epirus†
Andegavi (French probably Normans)†
Venetians†
French Democracy†
Russoturks†
French Empire†
English

population in Paxos† 1740-1981

year

1740† 1766† 1781† 1800† 1808† 1809† 1820† 1845† 1857† 1870† 1879† 1885† 1896† 1907† 1920† 1928† 1940† 1951† 1961† 1971† 1981†

people

5500†
2307†
7729†
7000†
4700†
3905†
3970†
5017†
4752†
3582†
5002†
4592†
3814†
4120†
3282†
3037†
3203†
3318†
2678†
2253†
2370


table A.GRAMMATIKOS

 

 


 

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